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Why Muslims Are Divided Into Sects?


1.Muslims Should be United

It is a fact that Muslims today, are divided amongst themselves. The tragedy is

that such divisions are not endorsed by Islam at all. Islam believes in fostering

unity amongst its followers.

The Glorious Qur’an says: “And hold fast, all together, by the rope which Allah (stretches out for you), and be not divided among yourselves;”

[Al-Qur’an 3:103]

Which is the rope of Allah that is being referred to in this verse? It is the Glorious

Qur’an. The Glorious Qur’an is the rope of Allah which all Muslims should hold

fast together. There is double emphasis in this verse. Besides saying ‘hold fast

all together’ it also says, ‘be not divided’.

Qur’an further says, “Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger” [Al-Qur’an 4:59]

All the Muslim should follow the Qur’an and authentic ahadith and be not divided among themselves.

2.It is prohibited to make sects and divisions in Islam

The Glorious Qur’an says: “As for those who divide Their religion and break up into sects, thou hast no part in them in the least: Their affair is with Allah: He will in the end tell them the truth of all that they did.” [Al-Qur’an 6:159]

In this verse Allah (swt) says that one should disassociate oneself from those who divide their religion and break it up into sects.

But when one asks a Muslim, “who are you?”, the common answer is either ‘I

am a Sunni, or ‘I am Shia’. Some call themselves Hanafi, or Shafi or Maliki or

Humbali. Some say ‘I am a Deobandi’, while some others say ‘I am a Barelvi’

3.Our Prophet was a Muslim

One may ask such Muslims, “Who was our beloved prophet (pbuh)? Was he a

Hanafi or a Shafi, or a Humbali or a Maliki?” No! He was a Muslim, like all the

other prophets and messengers of Allah before him.

It is mentioned in chapter 3 verse 52 of Al-Qur’an that Jesus (pbuh) was a Muslim.

Further, in chapter 3 verse 67, Al-Qur’an says that Ibrahim (pbuh) was not a

Jew or a Christian but was a Muslim.

4.Qur’an says call yourselves Muslim

If anyone poses a Muslim the question who are you, he should say “I am a

MUSLIM, not a Hanafi or a Shafi”. Surah Fussilat chapter 41 verse 33 says

“Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works

righteousness, and says, ‘I am of those Who bow in Islam (Muslim)?’ ”

[Al-Qur’an 41:33]

The Qur’an says “Say I am of those who bow in Islam”. In other words, say,

“I am a Muslim”.The Prophet (pbuh) dictated letters to non-Muslim kings and rulers inviting

them to accept Islam. In these letters he mentioned the verse of the Qur’an

from Surah Ali Imran chapter 3 verse 64:

Say ye: “Bear witness that we (at least) are Muslims (bowing to Allah’s Will).”

[Al-Qur’an 3:64]

5.Respect all the Great Scholars of Islam

We must respect all the great scholars of Islam, including the four Imaams,

Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Shafi, Imam Humbal and Imam Malik (may Allah be

pleased with them all). They were great scholars and may Allah reward them for

their research and hardwork. One can have no objection if someone agrees

with the views and research of Imam Abu Hanifa or Imam Shafi, etc. But when

posed a question, ‘who are you?’, the reply should only be ‘I am a Muslim’.

Some may argue by quoting the hadith of our beloved Prophet from Sunan Abu

Dawood Hadith No. 4579. In this hadith the prophet (pbuh) is reported to have

said, “My community will be split up into seventy-three sects.”

This hadith reports that the prophet predicted the emergence of seventy-three

sects. He did not say that Muslims should be active in dividing themselves into

sects. The Glorious Qur’an commands us not to create sects. Those who follow

the teachings of the Qur’an and Sahih Hadith, and do not create sects are the

people who are on the true path.

According to Tirmidhi Hadith No. 171, the prophet (pbuh) is reported to have

said, “My Umma will be fragmented into seventy-three sects, and all of them will

be in Hell fire except one sect.” The companions asked Allah’s messenger

which group that would be. Where upon he replied, “It is the one to which I and

my companions belong.”

The Glorious Qur’an mentions in several verses, “Obey Allah and obey His

Messenger”. A true Muslim should only follow the Glorious Qur’an and the

Sahih Hadith. He can agree with the views of any scholar as long as they

conform to the teachings of the Qur’an and Sahih Hadith. If such views go

against the Word of Allah, or the Sunnah of His Prophet, then they carry no

weight, regardless of how learned the scholar might be.

If only all Muslims read the Qur’an with understanding and adhere to Sahih

Hadith, Inshallah most of these differences would be solved and we could be

one united Muslim Ummah.

 

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