The Glorious Qur’an says in Surah Israa, Ch. No.17: V. No. 32… ‘Nor come close to adultery, for it is a shameful deed – It is an evil, opening other roads to evil.’ Islam is against adultery, The Glorious Qur’an says in Surah Hujurat, Ch. 49: V. No. 11 and 12 that ‘Oh ye who believe, let not some men among you laugh at the others – You may never know, that the latter may be better than the former. Let not some women among you, laugh at the other – You may never know, that the latter may be better than the former. Do not defame one another, nor be sarcastic or call each other with nicknames. Avoid suspicion, for in many cases suspicion is a sin. Do not spy on one another, do not backbite, do not speak ill of one another behind their backs. Are you ready to eat the dead meat of your brother?’ The Qur’an says that…‘If you backbite, if you slander any one behind their backs, it is as though you are eating the meat of your dead brother.’ And eating the meat of your dead brother is a double sin – Eating dead meat itself is prohibited – eating meat of your dead brother is double crime. Even the cannibals who eat human beings, they do not eat the flesh of their brother. So if you backbite, if you speak ill about somebodyelse behind their back, it is a double crime – it is eating the meat of your dead brother. And the Qur’an, gives the answer… ‘Allah (swt) says… ‘Nay you will abhor it… No one would like it.’ The Qur’an says in Surah Humuzah, Ch. 104: V. No. 1 ‘Woe to every kind of scandal monger and backbiter.’ All these laws of moral conduct given in the Glorious Qur’an and the Sahih Hadith – they promote Universal Brotherhood. Besides talking about Universal Brotherhood, the uniqueness about Islam is that, it practically demonstrates the Universal Brotherhood. The Muslims are supposed to demonstrate the Universal Brotherhood, five times a day in their Salah. When we offer Salah, we practically demonstrate the Universal Brotherhood. It is mentioned in Sahih Bukhari, Vol. No.1, in the Book of Adhan, Ch. No.75, H. No. 692 that… ‘Hazrat Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) – he said that when we stood for Salah, the shoulder of the companions touched with the shoulder of the companion – our feet touched with the feet of a companion.’ The beloved Prophet said – it is mentioned in Sunnah Abu Dawood, Volume No. 1, in the Book of Salah Ch. No.245, H. No.666, our beloved Prophet said…‘Before starting the Salah… that straighten your rows, stand shoulder to shoulder, and do not leave any gap or opening, for the devil.’ The Prophet said… ‘Stand close to each other during Salah, and do not leave any opening for the devil.’ The Prophet was not referring to the devil, which you see in the Onida TV Ad – You know the Onida TV Ad… the devil with the two horns and a tail. The Prophet was not referring to that devil – he was referring to devil of Racism, of Caste, of Colour, of Wealth. Irrespective whether rich or poor, whether king or pauper, when you stand for prayers… when you stand for Salah, stand shoulder to shoulder, so that the brotherhood increases – The devil of Racism, of Caste, of Colour, of Creed, of Wealth, does not came in between you. And the best example of International Brotherhood is in the pilgrimage of Islam – that is, during Haj. About two and a half million people from various parts of the world – they come to Mecca to perform Haj. People from various parts of the world – from America, from Canada, from U.K, from Singapore, from Malaysia, from India, from Pakistan, from Indonesia – from various parts of the world they come. And the men they are dressed up in two pieces of unsewn cloth – that is preferably white. You cannot identify that the person standing next to you – whether he is a King or a pauper – It is the best example of International Brotherhood. It is the biggest annual gathering of the world. Two and a half million people gather every year – and the person standing next to you – You cannot make out whether he is a King or a pauper. Irrespective whether you are rich or poor, black or white – from whichever part of the world you are coming, you are dressed in the same attire. And our beloved Prophet Mohammed (SAW) said in the speech of his farewell pilgrimage as he said that… ‘There is only one God, and no Arab is superior to a Non-Arab; nor is a Non-Arab superior to an Arab; a White is not superior to a Black, nor a Black is over the White. The only criteria for superiority is taqwa… it is righteousness, it is piety, it is God consciousness. Irrespective whicheverrace you belong to, whichever colour you have – that does not make you superior – In the sight of Allah, all are equal. Only if you are more pious, more God-conscious, more righteous, can you be superior to the other human being. And when the Haj is performed, every person – he recites… ‘Lab baik Allah humma lab baik They keep on repeating. Even when he comes back from Haj – that always remains in his mind which means … ‘Here I am O my Lord; here I am. …(Arabic)… Here I am – You have no partners – here I am. All praises are due to You – all bounties are yours, To You belongs the whole dominion, the whole Universe, and You have no partners.’ It is engrained in his mind, that ‘Here I am O my Lord, here I am.’ And the corner stone of the Islamic faith is, the belief in one and only sole Creator and Sustainer of the entire universe – He alone deserves worship. And it is because of belief in one God, that there can be Universal Brotherhood. That means, the same God has created all the human beings, irrespective whether you are rich or poor, whether a male or female, whether black or white, whichever caste, colour, creed you belong to all of them are equal – because they are created by one and only sole Creator, Almighty God. Only if you believe in one God, can you practice Universal Brotherhood. That is the reasons that, all the major Religions, which believe in the concept of God – On a higher, level they believe in the existence of one Almighty God. And according to Oxford Dictionary, Religion means… ‘A belief in a super human controlling power – A God, or Gods, that deserve worship and obedience’ So in short, if you want to analyze any Religion, you have to understand the concept of God in that Religion. And the best way to analyze the concept of God in any Religion is not by looking at what the followers are doing – because many of the followers themselves do not know what their Religious Scriptures speak about Almighty God. The best way is, to analyze what the Scripture of that Religion has to speak about Almighty God. And the Glorious Qur’an says in Surah Al Imran, Ch. No. 3, V. No. 64 …(Arabic)… ‘Say: Oh people of the Book, that come to common terms as between us and you.’ Which is the first term? ‘That we worship none, but Allah. …(Arabic)… that we associate no partners with Him. That we erect not among ourselves, Lords and patrons other than Allah. …(Arabic)… if then they turn back …(Arabic)… Say ye: ‘Bear witness that we are Muslims, bowing our will to Allah (swt).’ Allah shows you a way how to speak with different people. It says ‘that come to common terms as between us and you.’ Which is the first term? ‘that we worship none but Allah.’ …(Arabic)… ‘that we associate no partners with Him.’ So in order to understand the concept of God, in any Religion, we have to understand what that Scripture has to speak about Almighty God. If you understand the concept of God, you will understand the Religion. Let us first analyze the concept of God in Hinduism. If you ask a common Hindu, who is a layman, that… ‘How many Gods are there? Some may say… ‘Three’ – Some may say… ‘Hundred’ – Some may say… ‘Thousand’ – While others may say… ‘Thirty-three Crores’… – Three hundred and thirty million. But if you ask a learned person who is well versed with the Hindu Scriptures, he will tell you that… ‘The Hindus should, actually worship only one God, and they should believe only in one God.’ But the common Hindu, he believes in a philosophy known as ‘Pantheism.’ What the common Hindu says that…‘Everything is God – The tree is God, the sun is God, the moon is God, the monkey is God, the human being is God, the snake is God.’ What we Muslims say that…‘Everything is God’s – ‘G. O. D.’ with an apostrophy ‘S’. Everything belongs to God – the tree belongs to God, the sun belong to God, the moon belongs to God, the monkey belongs to God, the human belongs to God, the snake belongs to God.’ So the major difference between the Hindus and the Muslims is, that the common Hindu says…‘Everything is God’ – We Muslims say…‘Everything is God’s – G.O.D. with apostrophe ‘S’. The only difference is apostrophe ‘S’. If we can solve this difference of apostrophe ‘S’ – the Hindus and the Muslims – we will be united. How do we do it ? Qur’an says ‘that come to common terms as between us and you.’ Which is the first term? …(Arabic)… ‘that we worship none but Allah.’ The most common Scriptures, which is the most widely read by the Hindus, is the Bhagvad Geeta. If you read Bhagvad Geeta, Ch. 7, V. No. 20, it says that… ‘All those whose intelligence has been stolen by material desires, they worship demi gods. That means those whose intelligence has been stolen by material desires – they worship gods, besides the one true God. And if you read the Upanishads, which is the another scared Scripture of the Hindus – it is mentioned in the Chandogya Upanishad, Ch. 6, Sec. No. 2, V. No. 1 …(Sanskrit)… ‘There is only one God, without a second.’ It is mentioned in the Svetasvatara Upanishad, Ch. No. 6, V. No. 9, …(Sanskrit)… which means… ‘Of Him… of Almighty God there are no Lords, neither does He have any parents.’ It is mentioned in the Svetasvatara Upanishad, Ch. No. 4, V. No. 19, …(Sanskrit)… ‘Of Him there is no likeness.’ It is mentioned in the Svetasvetara Upanishad, Ch. No. 4, V. No. 20, that… ‘He has got of no form… no one can see Him with the eyes.’ Among the Scriptures of the Hindus, the most sacred are the Vedas. There are basically four Vedas – the Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samved and the Atharvaved. If you read the Yajurved it is mentioned in Ch. No. 32, V. No. 3 …(Sanskrit)… ‘Of Him there is no image’ – Almighty God has got no image. It is mentioned in the Yajurveda Ch. No. 40, V. No. 8 that… ‘Almighty God is bodiless and pure’. And the next verse of Yajurveda, Ch. No. 40, V. No. 9, …(Sanskrit)… ‘That they are entering darkness – those who worship the Asambhooti’ – Asambhooti means the natural things like air, water, fire. And the verse continues… ‘They are entering more in darkness -those who worship the Sambhoot’ – Sambhooti are the created things like chairs, tables, idols, etc. Who says that?… Yajurveda Ch. No. 40, V. No. 9. Further if you read, it is mentioned in the Atharvaved, Ch. No. 20, Hymn No. 58, V. No. 3 …(Sanskrit)… ‘Verily great, is Almighty God.’ Amongst the Vedas, the most sacred is the Rigved. It is mentioned in Rigved, Book No. 1, Hymn No. 164, V. No. 46, that… ‘Sages and saintly people call Almighty God, by various names.’ And if you read Rigved, Book No. 2, Hymn No. 1, there are various attributes given to Almighty God – One amongst them – It is mentioned in Rigved, Book No. 2, Hymn No. 1, V. No. 3, ‘Brahma.’ If you translate ‘Brahma’ into English, one of it’s meaning is ‘The Creator’ – If you translate into Arabic, it means ‘Khaliq.’ We Muslims have got no objection, if someone calls Almighty God as Khaliq or Creator, or Brahma. But if someone says that Brahma is Almighty God, who has got four heads, and on each head, is a crown – we Muslims take strong objection to it. Moreover you are going against Svetasvatara Upanishad, Ch. No. 6, V. No. 9, which says …(Sanskrit)… ‘Of Him there is no likeness.’ – You are giving an image to Almighty God. Another beautiful attribute given in Rigveda Book No. 2, Hymn No. 1, V. No. 3, is ‘Vishnu.’ If you translate Vishnu into English – one of it is meaning is ‘The Sustainer,’ the Cherished if you translate into Arabic it means Rabb. We Muslims have no objection if someone calls Almighty God, as ‘Rabb,’ or ‘Sustainer’, or ‘Cherisher’ or ‘Vishnu’ – But if someone says that ‘Vishnu’ as Almighty God, who has got four hands, and in one of his hands is a chakra… the discus, and in one of his hands is a lotus, we Muslims take strong objection to it. Moreover you are giving an image to Almighty God – You are going against Yajurved, Ch. No. 32, V. No. 3, which says …(Sanskrit)… ‘Of Him there is no image.’ It is mentioned in Rigved, Vol. No. 8, Ch. No. 1, V. No.1 …(Sanskrit)… ‘All praises are due to Him alone, worship Him alone.’ It is mentioned in Rigved, Vol. No. 6, Hymn No. 45, V. No. 16, …(Sanskrit)… ‘There is only one God – Worship Him alone . And the Brahmasutra, the fundamental creed of Hinduism is …(Sanskrit)… ‘Bhagwan Ek hi hai, dusra nahi hai, nahi hai, nahi hai, zara bhi, nahi hai.’ ‘There is only one God, not a second one, not at all, not of all, not in the least bit.’ So if you read the Hindu Scriptures, you should understand the concept of God in Hinduism. Let us analyse the concept of God in Judaism. It is mentioned in the Book of Deuteronomy, in the Old Testament, Ch. No. 6, V. No. 4 Moses (pbuh) he says that …(Hebrew)… It is a Hebrew quotation which means… ‘Hear O Israel the lord our God, is one Lord.’ It is mentioned in the Book of Isaiah, Ch. No. 43, V. No. 11… ‘I, Even I, am Lord and besides Me, there is no Saviour.’ It is mentioned in the Book of Isaiah, Ch. No. 45, V. No. 5… ‘I am Lord, and there is none else – there is no God besides Me.’ It is mentioned in the book of Isaiah, Ch. 46, V.9…‘I am God and there is none else; I am God and there is none like Me.’ It is mentioned in the Book of Exodus, Ch. No. 20, V. No. 3 and 5, as well as in the Book of Deuteronomy, Ch. No. 5, V. No. 7 to 9, it says that… ‘Thou shall have none other gods besides Me.’ Almighty God is speaking here that…‘Thou shall have none other gods besides Me. Thou shall not make unto thee any graven image, of any likeness, of anything in the heavens above, in the earth beneath, and in the water beneath the earth. Thou shall not serve them, nor bow down to them, for I thy God, is a jealous God. So if you read the Old Testament, we should understand the concept of God, in Judaism. Before I discuss the concept of God in Christianity, I would like to make a few points clear – that Islam is the only Non-Christian faith, which makes it certain article of faith, to believe in Jesus (pbuh). No Muslim is a Muslim, if he does not believe in Jesus (pbuh). We believe that he was one of the mightiest Messengers of Allah (swt), of Almighty God. We believe that he was the Messiah… translated ‘Christ.’ We believe that he was born miraculously, without any male intervention, which many modern day Christians today, do not believe. We believe that he healed those born blind, and lepers, with God’s permission. We believe that he gave life to the dead, with God’s permission.
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