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Last Sermon Of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)


This sermon was delivered by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) admist the valley of Arafat on 9th Zil Hijjah 10 Hijri.

After praising, and thanking God, the Prophet, may God send His
praises upon him said:

“O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I
shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore, listen to what I am saying to you
very carefully and take these words to those who could not be present here
today.

O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard
the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you.
Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that He will indeed reckon
your deeds. God has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all
interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital, however, is yours
to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity. God has Judged that
there shall be no interest, and that all the interest due to Abbas ibn Abd’al
Muttalib shall henceforth be waived…

Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will
ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in
small things.

O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but
they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under a trust from God and with His permission. If they abide by your
right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do
treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and
committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with any
one of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.

O People, listen to me in earnest, worship God, perform your five daily prayers,
fast during the month of Ramadan, and offer Zakat. Perform Hajj if you have the
means.

All mankind is from Adam and Eve. An Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab, nor

does a non-Arab have any superiority over an Arab; white has no superiority
over black, nor does a black have any superiority over white; [none have
superiority over another] except by piety and good action. Learn that every
Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one
brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow
Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not, therefore, do
injustice to yourselves.

Remember, one day you will appear before God and answer for your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.

O People, no prophet or apostle will come after me, and no new faith will be
born. Reason well, therefore, O people, and understand words which I convey to
you. I leave behind me two things, the Quran and my example, the Sunnah, and if you follow these you will never go astray.

All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others
again; and it may be that the last ones understand my words better than those
who listen to me directly. Be my witness, O God, that I have conveyed your
message to your people”

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